REUNION DE GRUPO DE TRABAJO 1 – 2012 RESPUESTAS A PREGUNTAS ORIENTADORAS
INDICE Panel 1 “ Generación de Empleo: el rol de Ministerios de Trabajo” Pg. 1
Panel 2 “Empleo Juvenil” Pg. 34
Panel 3 “Empleos Verdes” Pg. 81
PANEL 1: GENERACIÓN DE EMPLEO: EL ROL DE LOS MINISTERIOS DE TRABAJO
CANADÁ (RESPUESTAS GENERALES)
As in many other countries worldwide, Canada faces a fast-changing global environment with: (1) increasing competition from emerging market countries; (2) the need to achieve a balance between the creation of decent jobs and social protection; and (3) a global economy that remains fragile and uncertain.
Though there is no such mandate for job creation in Canada, and considering that labour issues fall under federal and provincial/territorial (P/Ts) jurisdictions, both levels of government are devoting efforts to creating the enabling environment (regulations, taxation, training of the workforce, etc.) that favours job creation by the private sector. In the case of the federal government, the Government of Canada’s Economic Action Plan (EAP) has supported in recent years the security and prosperity of Canadians and promoted business and investment to help Canadians keep their jobs or reintegrate into the workforce.
Canada’s EAP for 2012 sets out a comprehensive agenda to bolster Canada’s economic strengths and address the important challenges confronting the economy over the long term. The Plan focuses on the drivers of growth and job creation: innovation, investment, education, skills and communities.
For instance, through the EAP the Government of Canada has extended the maximum duration of Employment Insurance (EI) benefits by five weeks to support workers who have lost their jobs and extended the Work-sharing Program to help protect jobs and keep people employed. The Government has also reduced the maximum potential increase in EI premiums for 2012 in order to leave over $600 million in the hands of Canadian workers and businesses in 2012.
In addition, the Government of Canada continued to expand certain programs through initiatives to stimulate job creation and help Canadian youth acquire the education and skills they need.
To increase labour market participation of groups that are under-represented in Canada’s labour force and to enhance the employability and skills of the labour force, the Government of Canada entered into bilateral agreements with P/Ts to fund their labour market programs and services intended for unemployed persons not eligible for EI benefits, and employed persons who do not have a high school diploma or recognized certification, or have low levels of literacy and essential skills. Under these agreements, P/Ts determine the priorities for funding and decide how the funding is allocated in order to meet the needs of their particular labour markets.