Palabras clave: Estrategias de enseñanza-aprendizaje, capacidad crítica, capacidad argumentativa, pre-test, post-test y pre-experimento.
Planteamiento de estrategias de enseñanza-aprendizaje para desarrollar la capacidad crítica de los estudiantes de la UNP
The objective of this study was to propose and validate a program of teaching and learning strategies that encourages the critical and argumentative students of UNP: If economics students in the Academic Semester 2006-I took the course of Language I. For this, we conducted a pre-experimental research without a control group and an experimental group whose members were evaluated critical and argumentative capacity before the implementation of the program (pre-test) and after the implementation of this (post -test). In the initial assessment, it was observed that most students found in the "below basic level which is the last level and with regard to the argumentative capacity, four-fifths were unable to write an argumentative text, since it does not differ in his written statement of the main reasons and in the debates most negative attitudes expressed for the completion of these forms of oral communication. In the final evaluation, there was a shift of students toward higher levels of critical capacity and 90% learned how to write an argumentative essay and debate. It was shown that the proposed program can develop these capabilities.